What is Regenerative Medicine Therapy? This Guide Explains

Robert threw out his back on Friday. He wasted his weekend prone on the couch with heat packs and painkillers.

Now, it’s Monday and the slightest jerk still sends him into agony. Sitting at his desk is proving impossible, so he won’t be able to go to the gym this evening. 

Robert has gotten steroid shots for his back pain in the past and is considering surgery. 

By the time he feels better, his workout regime is ruined; now his back is weak and primed for another tweak.  

How can he break the cycle? Regenerative medical care may be his solution.

Do you also suffer from chronic pain or medical issues that seem impenetrable?

This article will help you understand regenerative medicine, and how it may be able to help you utilize your own body’s mechanisms to heal and recover.

Regenerative Medicine Definition:

Regenerative Medicine works at the cellular level to aid your own body in its ability to get well. The term can refer to a number of different biomedical therapies aimed at healing.

Understanding how a body regenerates and restores itself is the basis for regenerative medicine. Here are some terms to know:

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are cells your body creates and then uses in your skeletal system to make bone, cartilage, and fat. MSCs are typically derived from bone marrow and umbilical cord blood. 

MSCs from umbilical cord blood are grown or harvested by an FDA-approved stem cell source and are laboratory tested; they follow the rigorous requirements of the Public Health Service Act – a federal law that protects the public from spreading diseases by stipulating how substances are to be handled.


Exomes are structures that are released naturally by a cell. They transport information to other cells in the form of proteins and RNA.


Cytokines are proteins used by certain types of cells for signaling and are especially used by your body to respond to infections, inflammation, or other immunology issues.


Platelets are red blood cells that are transported through your body via the plasma, or liquid portion of your blood.  

Platelets are also called thrombocytes. They are used by your body for clotting and releasing proteins called growth factors to heal injuries.


Peptides are small strings of amino acids that your body makes in order to build and restore tissues like skin or muscle. They are often compared to small versions of the protein molecule.

What Is It Exactly?

Regenerative medicine may use one or many of the natural cell functions within your body to encourage healing within yourself.

Using regenerative medicine is highly personalized. Your physician will provide a holistic evaluation and will want to hear the entire history of your illness or injury. You may get blood drawn to test for levels of healing cells. The physician will then be able to give you recommendations on which cellular-level regenerative techniques are best for your situation. 

Everyone’s experience will be different.  Here are some examples:

  • Your physician may choose to inject MSCs from an FDA-approved product into your body, or through an IV, so the cells can begin to replace those that are damaged or not functioning properly.
  • Your physician may decide that utilizing the substances in your own blood like platelets will be the best choice for your situation.

Your own blood may be drawn, it will then be put into a centrifuge to concentrate the platelets which are removed and then injected back into your body at the location of treatment. This platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has now given your body a boost of healing red blood cells in the location it needs. 

  • Your physician may conclude that a combination of treatments is needed, and may inject exomes, peptides, and cytokines as companions to PRP or MSC treatments

Regenerative medicine has the flexibility to combine treatment styles in order to focus your body’s healing mechanisms. 

The key to regenerative medicine treatment is the ability to customize healing solutions for each patient.

What is Regenerative Medicine Used For?

Regenerative medicine may be used to increase the effectiveness of healing that your body attempts.  

There are many ways doctors are currently using regenerative treatment, but there are many more uses currently under clinical study. In the future, we may find regenerative medicine replaces traditional approaches.

What is the main use of regenerative medicine?

Regenerative medicine can be sorted into two unique categories:

Category 1: Physical conditions or symptoms involving the rehabilitation of a skeletal function or malfunctioning organ.

 Physical uses of regenerative medicine include:

  • back pain and spinal injuries
  • hip, knee, shoulder, or other joint injury and pain
  • osteoporosis
  • rheumatoid and osteoarthritis
  • sports injury

Category 2: Physiological conditions or symptoms involving returning body functions, cells, or organs to their normal function.

Examples of physiological uses of regenerative medicine include:

  • liver, kidney, or lung disorders
  • stroke and heart disease
  • prostate or sexual dysfunction
  • fatigue, headache, migraine
  • diabetes
  • cancer treatment
  • Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s
  • allergies 

How Does Regenerative Medicine Work?

Regenerative medicine works by increasing the number of healing cells or cellular structures within your body.

Your physician will establish the best method of regenerative therapy for your particular condition.

What is regenerative therapy?

Your regenerative therapy may be a customized use of MSC, exomes, cytokines, platelets, peptides, or other cellular-level treatment to give your body the natural tools it needs to heal.

For example, using platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been shown in scientific studies to increase bone density when used in bone grafts. This kind of advanced therapy may also translate to other bone-strengthening usages.  

Current research is also exploring the use of exomes for detecting and delivering treatment to cancer-causing cells. 

In many forms of treatment, like using PRP, your physician may draw blood, bone marrow, or other cells from your own body to use therapeutically. In other treatments, umbilical cord-derived stem cells may be injected or used with an IV infusion.

What is the Role of Stem Cells in Regenerative Medicine?

Stem cells are just one of the many different types of therapy that may be used in regenerative medicine. 

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) can be used therapeutically to replace diseased or malfunctioning cells. Scientists can guide stem cells into developing into a particular type of cell that may be used by the body to heal. 

Currently, stem cell and exome products that come from umbilical cord blood are regulated by the FDA and individually approved for use in the treatment of issues like cancer, blood, and immune disorders. They are also approved for use in official clinical studies. 

Stem cells derived from your own body, usually from bone marrow, may also be used, and for a variety of other treatments like healing skeletal injury or repairing tissue.

How Soon Can We Benefit From Regenerative Medicine?

The advances in regenerative medicine can benefit you right now.  

While scientists continue to develop more uses, methods, and understanding, the current regenerative medicine technology has been shown to be safe and effective

Your physician will choose the correct therapy for your situation. Treatment may involve using platelet-rich plasma and peptides to heal your rotator cuff, or introducing stem cells to treat sickle cell anemia or leukemia. 

How Long Does It Take To See Results?

Because regenerative therapies assist your body in healing itself at the cellular level, both the therapy used and the time needed for results are highly individual. 

Book an appointment with our professional staff to develop a regenerative therapy that is right for you.

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